Read e-book online Ancient Science Through the Golden Age of Greece PDF

By George Sarton

"There are few students or scientists this present day who write as superbly or as apparently as [Sarton] . . . [his] booklet is magnificent." — Ashley Montagu, Saturday Review
Although technology didn't start in old Greece (millennia of labor in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and different areas preceded Greek efforts) it's however real that methodic, rational research of the common universe originated principally with early Hellenic thinkers. therefore, the most important a part of this e-book is of necessity dedicated to Greece. Drawing anywhere attainable on unique assets, Dr. Sarton, one of many world's premier historians of technology, paints a bright and illuminating photograph of arithmetic, astronomy, physics, biology, drugs, and different sciences as they emerged from the mists of prehistory and eventually flourished in the context of Greek society.
The ebook is split into 3 elements. half One starts with the earliest facts of prehistoric arithmetic, astronomy, and different technology. Dr. Sarton then describes the achievements of Egypt and Mesopotamia, the sunrise of Greek tradition and the awesome flowering of Ionian technological know-how within the 6th century B.C. Thales of Miletos, Anaximandrox, and Xenophanes are one of the vital figures mentioned. a whole bankruptcy specializes in the influential doctrines of Pythagoras.
Part opens with the dignity of Athens within the 5th century B.C. and its remarkable achievements in poetry and the humanities, philosophy, and technological know-how. defined in lucid aspect are groundbreaking contributions of Heracleitos, Anaxagoras, Protagoras, Zenon of Elea, Parmenides, Democritos, and so on. additionally integrated during this part are perceptive discussions of geographers and historians of the 5th century (Herodotos, Thucydides, and others) and Greek medication of the 5th century (chiefly Hippocratic).
Part 3 specializes in the extreme Greek thinkers of the fourth century B.C.: Plato and the Academy, Aristotle, Xenophon and so forth, together with such very important colleges of suggestion because the cynics, stoics, skeptics, and epicureans. significant consciousness is given to arithmetic, astronomy and physics, usual sciences and drugs, Aristotelian humanities, and historiography and different themes.
"Of nice worth to the overall historian and an exhilarating, arresting tale for the lay reader. — The Yale Review

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